Word Level Category Syntax

Agung Prasetyo

There are two kinds of word level category. They are content word (CW) and function word (FW). The explanation as follows:

Content word / CW (lexical words)

Noun: table, book

Verb: write, love

Adj: sad, white

Preposition: in, at, of

Adverb: slowly, carefully

Function words / FW

Determiner: a, an, the, these

Degree word: more, than

Qualifier: seldom, perhaps, (frequency)

Auxiliary: will, would, have to

Conjunction: however, than

Quantifier: (hitungan), one, many.

Differences between content word & function word

Lexical meaning (lexical: dictionary word)

CW: have clear lexical meaning

FW: don’t have clear lexical meaning

Great in number

CW: very great in number

FW: very limited in number

Frequency occurrence

CW: low frequency occurrence

FW: high frequency of occurrence

Identifiable by their formal markers

Derivation: the process of adding affixes. it changing the word and change class of word with suffix process and prefix process.

Ex: final ->finder.

At last: derivational isn’t always change class of word if it is prefix. 

Ex: happy –> unhappy = adj -> adj.

Inflexinal: changing the words without change class of word, it must suffix.

Ex: child – children, book – books, high – higher (comparative degree).

Adj phrase: handsome –> more handsome = isn’t inflexional because isn’t one word.

CW: identifiable by their formal markers.

FW: don’t have formal markers.

Open classes

CW: open class: it can add new word: Ex: internet, software, etc.

FW: close class: isn’t add new word.

The method to separate CW & FW (membedakan)

Of the meaning

Ex. I need water = noun: CWI want to water flower: Verb

Of inflexi

Ex. He watchesHe still

Of distribution

Ex. Determiner + NAux + VDeterminer + adj + N


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